Visit Boston by Mouse
is in Lincolnshire
, 120 miles northeast of London and 34 miles southeast of Lincoln
. It is, of course, the city after which
Boston, Massachusetts is named. That is due to the influence of the Reverand John Cotton
. In the early 17th century he was a minister
in St. Botolph's church in the English Boston, preaching doctrines that were not in agreement with Anglican Church orthodoxy, blending
into what was to become the Puritan
movement. Previously, in 1607, a number of so-called Pilgrims
with ideas similar to Cotton's,
including William Brewster
and William Bradford
, were imprisoned in the town as they were on their way to Leiden in The Netherlands.
After being held for a month in the town hall cells
, they made it across to Leiden and remained there until 1620. Then a number of
them came back to England and sailed on the Mayflower out of Plymouth, landing in what is now Provincetown before sailing across the
Bay to found the Plymouth Colony
. Cotton eventually convinced his parishioners to emigrate and join the colony which they did in 1630.
Cotton, persecuted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud
, for his unorthodox preaching, followed in 1633. Cotton became a
leader of the Puritans, founding a church separate from the Anglican Church
, which steered the Bay Colony toward becoming a theocracy.
Boston is on what is known as The Fens
, very large swampy areas. The drainage of these Fens in the 16th century by the government
was not a popular move at the time because many residents earned their living from fen resources. The discontent is purported to have
played a role in encouraging the emigration.
The Within river
which drains into the Wash
, bisects the town. The tides in this part of England have a large range, and when the
tide is low, as it was when we were visiting, large unattractive mud banks are exposed.
St. Botolph's, also known as "The Stump"is still very much there. We asked several people why it is called The Stump, but
they did not know exactly why.. A side chapel in the church has a placque displaying coats of arms of Boston, England families
who became distinguished families in Boston, Massachusetts. The families include Quincy, Lowell, Adams, Eliot and Sears,