where Winston Churchill and many members of his family are buried in St. Martin's Churchyard.
Boston, namesake of Boston, Mass. , where English religious dissidents were imprisoned before being released and sailing to Leiden to later return to Enland  and sail to  America on the Mayflower, prior home of many Pilgrims who also came to the Massachussetts Bay Colony, and where John Cotton, an early leader of the Massachussetts Puritans preached.
Bristol, from which John Cabot sailed on his voyage of discovery in 1497, where the great 19th century iron and steel ships, S.S. Great Britain, Great Western and Great Eastern were designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and where native sons include such notables as William Penn, John Wesley, and Cary Grant.
Bletchley Park, where the effort to break the code that German Military used to send encrypted messages was successfully mounted.  It is also where german military communications were monitored, decoded and sent on to British and American military units.
Cambridge and Cambridge University, birthplace of molecular physics, penicillin and other discoveries in science and letters.
Canterbury, where St Augustine brought christianity to England, site of the cathedral where Thomas Beckett was murdered, formerly a Roman town.
Colchester, the first Roman town in England.
Chartwell, home of WWII British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill.
Dover, main ferry port from France, played a pivotal role in World War II, observation point for Battle of Britain and evacuation of Dunkerque.
Durham, site of historic Norman-style Durham Cathedral, and a University housed in a Norman castle.  In the 15th century the Prior of the cathedral was John Washington, loyalist to kings of England, a grandfather, many times great, of 18th century George Washington, the general who led the Revolutionary army to defeat a later King George III, and became the first President of the United States.
Gloucester Cathedralwhere King Edward II is entombed and where John Stafford Smith, composer of the tune of the American national anthem, the Star Spangled Banner was organist in the mid 18th century
Plymouth, the port from which the Mayflower sailed, as did Drake's and Cook's and Darwin's voyages of discovery, and the colonizers of New Zealand.  After he returned from sailing around the globe, Drake sailed again from Plymouth harbor in command of the fleet that took on and beat the Spanish Armada. And Plymouth's history also includes, among other important events, being the place where the first ever transatlantic flight, by the NC4 seaplane, touched down.
Portsmouth, where you can visit Admiral Horatio Nelson's flagship, H.M.S. Victory, the first iron, steam-driven battleship, H.M.S. Warrior, see the remains of the Mary Rose, a Tudor war ship, and visit the harbor where the D-Day invasion was planned and from which a large part of the invading flotilla departed.
Rochester, home to a  historic cathedral and castle and buildings used as models by novelist Charles Dickens in several novels.
Shrewsbury, birthplace of Charles Darwin, and the location of his childhood home and also the world's first iron-framed building, a structure that makes the construction of modern skyscrapers possible.
Thirsk, home town of Alf Wight, a.k.a. James Herriot, veterinarian and author of "All Creatures Great and Small"
Weobley, a beautiful "black and white" village very near where the battle of Naseby was fought in the first English Civil War.  On June 14, 1645,  Parliament forces under the command of Oliver Cromwell destroyed King Charles I army, thereby ending all hopes of his holding on to the throne.  King Charles spent the night after the battle in this village.
York, once a Roman settlement, and then a Viking settlement, where you can visit a reconstructed Viking settlement based on archeological evidence.
Places in England Where You Are Very Close to History
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Greenwich, where the Prime Median of the world was established and Greenwich mean time begins, and where the chronometers of John Harrison can be seen.
Imperial War Museum and American Air Museum, Duxford.  Now a museum devoted to the history of air, ground and sea warfare since WWI, formerly an airbase in both WWI and II, under British  and then under American  command.
Hadrian's Wall, built by Romans in 122 AD across the width of England from Newcastle-upon-Tyne to Solway Firth.
Hampton Court Palace, Cardinal Wolsey's "gift" to Henry VIII, building and rebuilding project and home and court to most British monarchs subsequent.
Ironbridge, the place, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, where three generations of Abraham Darbys developed the use of coke instead of charcoal to smelt iron, thus making the smelting of iron ore economically feasable  Darby also developed the blast furnace, and the method of casting iron into thin-walled objects, like cylinders.  These three inventions made the industial revolution possible.
Liverpool, a port city that was crucial to the defense of Britain during WWII.  It was the object of 80 German air raids, but the port never closed.  It is also the home time of the Beatles and the site of The Cavern Club, where they got their start.
London, the Capital of Great Britain and the site of many of the historic events that have shaped the nation at least since Roman times.  Within London, follow links to the British Museum, the Museum of London, the Natural History Museum, the Imperial War Museum, The Churchill Museum and the Cabinet War Rooms, Westminster Abbey, Westminster Hall, St. Paul's and Southwark Cathedrals, Mary-le-Bow Church, the Tower of London, Parliament, Buckingham Palace and Special Streets.
Nottingham and Sherwood Forest (Okay, so this is only created history, not real history.)  Adventure grounds of Robin Hood, Friar Tuck, Little John,  the Sheriff of Nottingham, King John and King Richard, and other fictional worthies.
Oxford, location of England's oldest university, St.Mary Magdalen church where Methodism began, and several Museums containing historical artifacts, including, but not limited to,  the earliest dinosaur fossil finds