Suggested Museums in Rome
There is a web site that provides a convenient listing of admission prices and opening times for many of Rome's museums. And there is special pass that you can purchase that includes admissions to many museums and archeological sites at reduced prices.
The Vatican Museums (Web site) and the Sistine Chapel: These belong at the top of anyone's list. Indeed one may be able to say that these are at the top of every tourist's list, since about 4 million people visit them each year. We had visited the museums in 1996, and had hoped to go through them once more in 2005. But when we arrived at a little after 10 am, the line waiting to get in was so long that, after our experience in Florence at the Uffizi, we decided to go directly to St. Peter's Cathedral instead.
The various museums in the complex were founded by various Popes starting in the 15th century to exhibit the art and historic collections that belong to the Catholic Church. What we remember from our 1996 trip is being dazzled, rather, DAZZLED by the opulence of the series of rooms and galleries we walked through on the way to the Sistine Chapel to see Michelangelo's ceiling. One of the galleries is the Stanze di Rapphaello. Frescoes painted by Raphael decorate the walls of these apartments. Together with Michaelangelo's frescoed ceiling in the Sistine Chapel, you are treated with a pinnacle achievement by the two artists of the High Renaissance. We also seem to remember that we passed a very early map showing Vasco de Gama's voyage around the world via Africa's Cape of Good Hope in 1488. You walk through the Gallery of Maps, its drop dead ceiling painted with 40 panels of maps of Italy (photo in the Wikipedia link above), but we are not sure that was where we saw the de Gama map. The mueums also have collections of Etruscan and ancient Greek artifacts, art and sculpture, and paintings by Carravagio, Giotto, Leonardo da Vinci and Titian. The experience is overwhelming. You can take virtual tours through the museums on their official web site, on the link provided above.
The Galleria Borghese (Web site): Regrettably, we have not yet visited this museum which has in its collection some of the most famous works of art . One of the artists featured is the sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini whose works adorn the piazza and colonade in front of St. Peters Cathedral and several of Rome's public fountains. The Borghese has several Bernini sculptures, including two of his most beautiful and astonishing pieces,Apollo and Daphne, (look at Daphne's fingers metamorphosing into leaves) and The Rape of Porsepina (look at his index finger pressing on her thigh). In addition to these are paintings of several masters, like Correggio, Rubens, Cranach,  
Raphael and Carravagio.
The Capitoline Museums (Web site): This museum originated in the 15th century from donations of art and archeological artifacts by Pope Sixtus IV. It is on the Capitoline Hill overlooking the ruins of the the Roman Forum. The museum complex consists of three palaces designed by Michaelangelo. You will find in this museum some of the most famous sculptures from antiquity, for example, the bronzes of the wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, and Marcus Aurelius on a horse, and the marble of the dying Gaul.
Other museums       Places worth visitingP1  P2      Photos of St. Peters    Forum and other photos
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Intrepid Traveler